Gender differences in smoking cessation after 3 years in the Lung Health Study

W. Bjornson, C. Rand, J. E. Connett, P. Lindgren, M. Nides, F. Pope, A (Sonia) Buist, C. Hoppe-Ryan, P. O'Hara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

228 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives. An analysis of gender differences in smoking cessation was conducted among 3923 participants in the Special Intervention group of the Lung Health Study. This report focuses on gender differences in sustained quit rates at 12 and 36 months. Methods. Special Intervention participants were offered a 12-session, 12-week smoking cessation program using nicotine gum and were followed for 3 years. Self-reported smoking status was validated with carbon monoxide and salivary cotinine. Results. Men had higher sustained quit rates at 12 and 36 months; gender differences were found in baseline variables that also predicted sustained abstinence; and controlling for selected baseline variables reduced the association between gender and sustained abstinence. When other variables were controlled, gender predicted sustained abstinence at 36 months (odds ratio [OR] = 1.24, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.04, 1.48) but not 12 months (OR = 1.08, 95% CI = 0.92, 1.27), reflecting more late relapse among women. Conclusions. Demographics and smoking history were more important than gender per se in sustained smoking cessation in the Lung Health Study. Programs tailoring smoking cessation by gender need to include coping skills for problems associated with less education and social support and for improving persistence with quit attempts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)223-230
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Public Health
Volume85
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1995

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Smoking Cessation
Lung
Health
Smoking
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals
Cotinine
Psychological Adaptation
Carbon Monoxide
Nicotine
Social Support
History
Demography
Education
Recurrence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Bjornson, W., Rand, C., Connett, J. E., Lindgren, P., Nides, M., Pope, F., ... O'Hara, P. (1995). Gender differences in smoking cessation after 3 years in the Lung Health Study. American Journal of Public Health, 85(2), 223-230.

Gender differences in smoking cessation after 3 years in the Lung Health Study. / Bjornson, W.; Rand, C.; Connett, J. E.; Lindgren, P.; Nides, M.; Pope, F.; Buist, A (Sonia); Hoppe-Ryan, C.; O'Hara, P.

In: American Journal of Public Health, Vol. 85, No. 2, 1995, p. 223-230.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bjornson, W, Rand, C, Connett, JE, Lindgren, P, Nides, M, Pope, F, Buist, AS, Hoppe-Ryan, C & O'Hara, P 1995, 'Gender differences in smoking cessation after 3 years in the Lung Health Study', American Journal of Public Health, vol. 85, no. 2, pp. 223-230.
Bjornson W, Rand C, Connett JE, Lindgren P, Nides M, Pope F et al. Gender differences in smoking cessation after 3 years in the Lung Health Study. American Journal of Public Health. 1995;85(2):223-230.
Bjornson, W. ; Rand, C. ; Connett, J. E. ; Lindgren, P. ; Nides, M. ; Pope, F. ; Buist, A (Sonia) ; Hoppe-Ryan, C. ; O'Hara, P. / Gender differences in smoking cessation after 3 years in the Lung Health Study. In: American Journal of Public Health. 1995 ; Vol. 85, No. 2. pp. 223-230.
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