Gender differences in prevalence of myocardial infarction in rural West Texans

Hafiz Khan, Drew Rasmussen, Lisaann Gittner, Aamrin Rafiq, Summre Blakely, Obadeh Shabaneh, P. Hemachandra Reddy

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Background: Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States. Incidence rates of myocardial infarction (MI) in rural West Texas signify a lack of effective, risk-specific prevention programs. The purpose of this study was to identify gender-specific risk factors for MI in rural West Texans. Subjects and methods: Hospital patient data for those with and without a history of MI were obtained from the Project FRONTIER database for rural West Texas counties. We used statistical software, such as SPSS, R, and WinBUGS to detect and understand the nature of MI risk factors. Statistical methods including t-tests, Chi-squared, logistic regression, and a Bayesian approach were utilized to analyze data. Results: MI significant risk factors obtained for females were systolic blood pressure (p = 0.002), diastolic blood pressure (p = 0.004), pulse (p = 0.015), and smoking (p = 0.002). For males, these were glucose (p = 0.022), age (p = 0.050), body fat (p = 0.034), and smoking (p = 0.017). The mean risk parameter followed a normal distribution, while the precision parameter depicted skew for both sexes. Conclusions: Gender-specific differences in MI risk factors exist, and incorporating such variables can guide relevant policymaking to reduce MI incidence in rural West Texans.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    JournalZeitschrift fur Gesundheitswissenschaften
    DOIs
    StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2020

    Keywords

    • FRONTIER database
    • Gender differences
    • Myocardial infarction
    • Rural West Texas
    • Statistical methods

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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  • Cite this

    Khan, H., Rasmussen, D., Gittner, L., Rafiq, A., Blakely, S., Shabaneh, O., & Reddy, P. H. (Accepted/In press). Gender differences in prevalence of myocardial infarction in rural West Texans. Zeitschrift fur Gesundheitswissenschaften. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10389-020-01262-7