Background: Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is a rare primary immunodeficiency which can lead to gastrointestinal (GI) complications including inflammatory bowel disease. Radiographic findings in this cohort have not been well described. Aims: To describe the frequency and spectrum of gastrointestinal abnormalities seen on computed tomography (CT) in patients with CGD and determine whether radiography was predictive of endoscopic or histopathologic inflammatory findings. Methods: A retrospective review was conducted on 141 consecutive CGD patients seen at the National Institutes of Health between 1988 and 2011. All corresponding CTs were reviewed for gastrointestinal abnormalities including wall thickening. Endoscopic and histopathologic findings were reviewed in subjects with documented endoscopy within 30 days of an imaging study. Findings were compared between patients with and without wall thickening on CT to determine whether bowel wall thickening was predictive of endoscopic or histologic inflammatory findings. Results: Two hundred and ninety-two CTs were reviewed. GI wall thickening was present on CT in 61% of patients (n = 86). Among a subgroup of 20 patients who underwent endoscopy at the time of their imaging, there was a statistically significant correlation between radiographic gastrointestinal wall thickening and endoscopic inflammation in the same intestinal segment (p = 0.035). Additionally, there was a significant correlation between radiographic gastrointestinal wall thickening and inflammatory features on histopathology (p = 0.02). Conclusions: GI abnormalities are commonly observed on CT in CGD patients. Bowel wall thickening correlates with endoscopic and histopathologic evidence of inflammation. These findings may be used to better facilitate directed endoscopic assessment and histopathologic sampling in patients with CGD.
- CGD colitis
- Chronic granulomatous disease
- Inflammatory bowel disease
ASJC Scopus subject areas