Gamma interferon expression in CD8+ T cells is a marker for circulating cytotoxic T lymphocytes that recognize an HLA a2-restricted epitope of human cytomegalovirus phosphoprotein pp65

S. A. Ghanekar, L. E. Nomura, M. A. Suni, L. J. Picker, H. T. Maecker, V. C. Maino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

62 Scopus citations

Abstract

Antigen-specific CD8+ T cells with cytotoxic activity are often critical in immune responses to infectious pathogens. To determine whether gamma interferon (IFN-γ) expression is a surrogate marker for cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL), human cytomegalovirus-specific CTL responses were correlated with CD8+ T-cell IFN-γ expression determined by cytokine flow cytometry. A strong positive correlation was observed between specific lysis of peptide-pulsed targets in a 51Cr release assay and frequencies of peptide-activated CD8+ T cells expressing IFN-γ at 6 h (r2 = 0.72) or 7 days (r2 = 0.91). Enumeration of responding cells expressing perforin, another marker associated with CTL, did not improve this correlation. These results demonstrate that IFN-γ expression can be a functional surrogate for identification of CTL precursor cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)628-631
Number of pages4
JournalClinical and Diagnostic Laboratory Immunology
Volume8
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Microbiology (medical)

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