Gamma-aminobutyric acidB receptor activation suppresses stimulus-evoked burst firing in rat substantia nigra reticulata neurons

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Abstract

Previous whole-cell patch-pipette studies showed that focal electrical stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) evokes a long-lasting complex excitatory postsynaptic currents (EPSC) and synaptically evoked bursts of action potentials in substantia nigra pars reticulata (SNR) neurons. Although synaptically evoked bursting may play a role in normal physiology, excessive burst firing correlates with symptoms of Parkinson's disease. We used patch-pipette recordings in rat brain slices to study the effects of baclofen on complex EPSCs and STN-induced burst firing in SNR neurons. Baclofen (1 μM) caused a reversible, 73% reduction in complex EPSCs, and this effect was blocked by the γ-aminobutyric acidB antagonist CGP35348 (100 μM). Using the loose-patch method to record extracellular potentials, a lower concentration of baclofen (100 nM) inhibited STN-evoked bursts, while leaving spontaneous firing of action potentials less affected. We suggest that strategies that selectively inhibit burst firing in the SNR might have therapeutic potential in the treatment of Parkinson's disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)40-44
Number of pages5
JournalNeuroReport
Volume23
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 4 2012

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Keywords

  • baclofen
  • brain slice
  • burst firing
  • c-aminobutyric acid
  • complex excitatory postsynaptic currents
  • substantia nigra reticulata
  • subthalamic nucleus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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