Galactic cosmic ray simulation at the NASA Space Radiation Laboratory

John W. Norbury, Walter Schimmerling, Tony C. Slaba, Edouard I. Azzam, Francis F. Badavi, Giorgio Baiocco, Eric Benton, Veronica Bindi, Eleanor A. Blakely, Steve R. Blattnig, David A. Boothman, Thomas B. Borak, Richard A. Britten, Stan Curtis, Michael Dingfelder, Marco Durante, William S. Dynan, Amelia J. Eisch, S. Robin Elgart, Dudley T. Goodhead & 28 others Peter M. Guida, Lawrence H. Heilbronn, Christine E. Hellweg, Janice L. Huff, Amy Kronenberg, Chiara La Tessa, Derek I. Lowenstein, Jack Miller, Takashi Morita, Livio Narici, Gregory A. Nelson, Ryan B. Norman, Andrea Ottolenghi, Zarana S. Patel, Guenther Reitz, Adam Rusek, Ann Sofie Schreurs, Lisa A. Scott-Carnell, Edward Semones, Jerry W. Shay, Vyacheslav A. Shurshakov, Lembit Sihver, Lisa C. Simonsen, Michael D. Story, Mitchell Turker, Yukio Uchihori, Jacqueline Williams, Cary J. Zeitlin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Most accelerator-based space radiation experiments have been performed with single ion beams at fixed energies. However, the space radiation environment consists of a wide variety of ion species with a continuous range of energies. Due to recent developments in beam switching technology implemented at the NASA Space Radiation Laboratory (NSRL) at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), it is now possible to rapidly switch ion species and energies, allowing for the possibility to more realistically simulate the actual radiation environment found in space. The present paper discusses a variety of issues related to implementation of galactic cosmic ray (GCR) simulation at NSRL, especially for experiments in radiobiology. Advantages and disadvantages of different approaches to developing a GCR simulator are presented. In addition, issues common to both GCR simulation and single beam experiments are compared to issues unique to GCR simulation studies. A set of conclusions is presented as well as a discussion of the technical implementation of GCR simulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)38-51
Number of pages14
JournalLife Sciences in Space Research
Volume8
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2016

Fingerprint

United States National Aeronautics and Space Administration
extraterrestrial radiation
cosmic ray
Radiation
simulation
Ions
ion
beam switching
Radiobiology
radiobiology
energy
experiment
simulators
simulator
ions
accelerators
ion beams
radiation
laboratory
Technology

Keywords

  • Galactic cosmic ray simulation
  • Space radiation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Radiation
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
  • Ecology

Cite this

Norbury, J. W., Schimmerling, W., Slaba, T. C., Azzam, E. I., Badavi, F. F., Baiocco, G., ... Zeitlin, C. J. (2016). Galactic cosmic ray simulation at the NASA Space Radiation Laboratory. Life Sciences in Space Research, 8, 38-51. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lssr.2016.02.001

Galactic cosmic ray simulation at the NASA Space Radiation Laboratory. / Norbury, John W.; Schimmerling, Walter; Slaba, Tony C.; Azzam, Edouard I.; Badavi, Francis F.; Baiocco, Giorgio; Benton, Eric; Bindi, Veronica; Blakely, Eleanor A.; Blattnig, Steve R.; Boothman, David A.; Borak, Thomas B.; Britten, Richard A.; Curtis, Stan; Dingfelder, Michael; Durante, Marco; Dynan, William S.; Eisch, Amelia J.; Robin Elgart, S.; Goodhead, Dudley T.; Guida, Peter M.; Heilbronn, Lawrence H.; Hellweg, Christine E.; Huff, Janice L.; Kronenberg, Amy; La Tessa, Chiara; Lowenstein, Derek I.; Miller, Jack; Morita, Takashi; Narici, Livio; Nelson, Gregory A.; Norman, Ryan B.; Ottolenghi, Andrea; Patel, Zarana S.; Reitz, Guenther; Rusek, Adam; Schreurs, Ann Sofie; Scott-Carnell, Lisa A.; Semones, Edward; Shay, Jerry W.; Shurshakov, Vyacheslav A.; Sihver, Lembit; Simonsen, Lisa C.; Story, Michael D.; Turker, Mitchell; Uchihori, Yukio; Williams, Jacqueline; Zeitlin, Cary J.

In: Life Sciences in Space Research, Vol. 8, 01.02.2016, p. 38-51.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Norbury, JW, Schimmerling, W, Slaba, TC, Azzam, EI, Badavi, FF, Baiocco, G, Benton, E, Bindi, V, Blakely, EA, Blattnig, SR, Boothman, DA, Borak, TB, Britten, RA, Curtis, S, Dingfelder, M, Durante, M, Dynan, WS, Eisch, AJ, Robin Elgart, S, Goodhead, DT, Guida, PM, Heilbronn, LH, Hellweg, CE, Huff, JL, Kronenberg, A, La Tessa, C, Lowenstein, DI, Miller, J, Morita, T, Narici, L, Nelson, GA, Norman, RB, Ottolenghi, A, Patel, ZS, Reitz, G, Rusek, A, Schreurs, AS, Scott-Carnell, LA, Semones, E, Shay, JW, Shurshakov, VA, Sihver, L, Simonsen, LC, Story, MD, Turker, M, Uchihori, Y, Williams, J & Zeitlin, CJ 2016, 'Galactic cosmic ray simulation at the NASA Space Radiation Laboratory', Life Sciences in Space Research, vol. 8, pp. 38-51. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lssr.2016.02.001
Norbury JW, Schimmerling W, Slaba TC, Azzam EI, Badavi FF, Baiocco G et al. Galactic cosmic ray simulation at the NASA Space Radiation Laboratory. Life Sciences in Space Research. 2016 Feb 1;8:38-51. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lssr.2016.02.001
Norbury, John W. ; Schimmerling, Walter ; Slaba, Tony C. ; Azzam, Edouard I. ; Badavi, Francis F. ; Baiocco, Giorgio ; Benton, Eric ; Bindi, Veronica ; Blakely, Eleanor A. ; Blattnig, Steve R. ; Boothman, David A. ; Borak, Thomas B. ; Britten, Richard A. ; Curtis, Stan ; Dingfelder, Michael ; Durante, Marco ; Dynan, William S. ; Eisch, Amelia J. ; Robin Elgart, S. ; Goodhead, Dudley T. ; Guida, Peter M. ; Heilbronn, Lawrence H. ; Hellweg, Christine E. ; Huff, Janice L. ; Kronenberg, Amy ; La Tessa, Chiara ; Lowenstein, Derek I. ; Miller, Jack ; Morita, Takashi ; Narici, Livio ; Nelson, Gregory A. ; Norman, Ryan B. ; Ottolenghi, Andrea ; Patel, Zarana S. ; Reitz, Guenther ; Rusek, Adam ; Schreurs, Ann Sofie ; Scott-Carnell, Lisa A. ; Semones, Edward ; Shay, Jerry W. ; Shurshakov, Vyacheslav A. ; Sihver, Lembit ; Simonsen, Lisa C. ; Story, Michael D. ; Turker, Mitchell ; Uchihori, Yukio ; Williams, Jacqueline ; Zeitlin, Cary J. / Galactic cosmic ray simulation at the NASA Space Radiation Laboratory. In: Life Sciences in Space Research. 2016 ; Vol. 8. pp. 38-51.
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