Fur regulon of Salmonella typhimurium: Identification of new iron- regulated genes

R. M. Tsolis, A. J. Baumler, I. Stojiljkovic, F. Heffron

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118 Scopus citations


In order to identify genes belonging to the Fur regulon of Salmonella typhimurium, a bank of 10,000 independent S. typhimurium MudJ insertion mutants was screened for lacZ fusions regulated by the iron response regulator Fur. In parallel, a plasmid gene bank of S. typhimurium consisting of 10,000 independent clones was screened for Fur-regulated promoters or iron binding proteins by the Fur titration assay (FURTA). Fur-regulated MudJ insertions and Fur-regulated promoters were mapped. In addition, iron- regulated promoter activities of transcriptional fusions from MudJ insertions and FURTA-positive clones were quantified. The nucleotide sequences of 11 FURTA-positive plasmids and of short fragments of DNA flanking three MudJ insertions were determined. By these methods we identified 14 Fur-regulated genes of S. typhimurium. For 11 of these genes, Fur-regulated homologs have been described in Escherichia coli or Yersinia enterocolitica, including fhuA, fhuB, fepA, fes, fepD, p43, entB, fur, foxA, hemP, and fhuE. In addition, we identified three genes with homologs in other bacteria which have not previously been shown to be Fur regulated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4628-4637
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of bacteriology
Issue number16
StatePublished - 1995
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Molecular Biology


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