Functional outcomes of sleep predict cardiovascular intermediary outcomes and all-cause mortality in patients on incident hemodialysis

Jessica Fitzpatrick, Eric S. Kerns, Esther D. Kim, Stephen M. Sozio, Bernard G. Jaar, Michelle M. Estrella, Larisa G. Tereshchenko, Jose M. Monroy-Trujillo, Rulan S. Parekh, Ghada Bourjeily

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    StudyObjectives: Patients with end-stage kidney disease commonly experience sleep disturbances. Sleep disturbance has been inconsistently associated with mortality risk in patients on hemodialysis, but the burden of symptoms fromsleep disturbances has emerged as amarker thatmay shed light on these discrepancies and guide treatment decisions. This study examines whether functional outcomes of sleep are associated with increased risk of intermediary cardiovascular outcomes or mortality among adults initiating hemodialysis. Methods: In 228 participants enrolled in the Predictors of Arrhythmic and Cardiovascular Risk in End-Stage Renal Disease study, the Functional Outcomes of Sleep Questionnaire-10 (FOSQ-10), which assesses functional outcomes of daytime sleepiness, was administered within 6 months of enrollment. Intermediary cardiovascular outcomes includedQTcorrection (ms), heart rate variance (ms2), left ventricularmass index (g/m2), and left ventricular hypertrophy. The association of FOSQ-10 score with all-cause mortality was examined using proportional hazards regression. Results: Mean age was 55 years, andmedian bodymass index was 28 kg/m2 (interquartile range, 24, 33), with 70% of patients being African Americans. Median FOSQ-10 score was 19.7 (interquartile range, 17.1, 20.0). A 10% lower FOSQ-10 score was associated with increased mortality risk (hazard ratio, 1.09; 95% confidence interval, 1.01-1.18). Lower FOSQ-10 scores were associated with longer QTcorrection duration and lower heart rate variance but not left ventricular mass index or left ventricular mass index. Conclusions: In adults initiating dialysis, sleep-related functional impairment is common and is associated with intermediary cardiovascular disease measures and increased mortality risk. Future studies should assess the impact of screening for sleep disturbances in patients with end-stage kidney disease to identify individuals at increased risk for cardiovascular complications and death.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)1707-1715
    Number of pages9
    JournalJournal of Clinical Sleep Medicine
    Volume17
    Issue number8
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Aug 1 2021

    Keywords

    • Cardiovascular risk
    • End-stage kidney disease
    • FOSQ
    • Mortality
    • Obstructive sleep apnea

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
    • Neurology
    • Clinical Neurology

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