Functional genomic insights into acute lung injury: Role of ventilators and mechanical stress

Stephanie Nonas, James H. Finigan, Li Gao, Joe G N Garcia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Acute lung injury (ALI) is a complex and devastating illness, often occurring in the setting of sepsis and trauma. Despite recent advances in the understanding and treatment of ALI, pathogenic mechanisms and genetic modifiers in ALI remain incompletely understood. Furthermore, there has been increasing interest in the identification of genetic variations that contribute to ALI susceptibility and severity in order to gain unique insights into ALI pathogenesis and to design novel treatment strategies. However, the sporadic nature of ALI and the lack of family-based cohort studies preclude conventional genomic approaches such as linkage mapping (or "positional cloning"). We have used a "candidate gene approach" with extensive gene expression profiling studies in animal (rat, murine, canine) and human models of ALI to identify potential ALI candidate genes associated with sepsis and ventilator-associated lung injury. These studies, when combined with innovative in silico bioinformatics approaches, revealed both novel (pre-B-cell colony enhancing factor, myosin light chain kinase) and previously identified (interleukin 6, macrophage migration inhibitory factor) gene candidates. Subsequent single nucleotide polymorphism discovery and genotyping studies revealed polymorphisms that demonstrate an influence on ALI susceptibility in patients. These studies indicate that the candidate gene approach is a robust strategy to provide novel insights into the genetic basis of ALI, and the identification of potentially novel therapeutic targets.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)188-194
Number of pages7
JournalProceedings of the American Thoracic Society
Volume2
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2005
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Mechanical Stress
Acute Lung Injury
Mechanical Ventilators
Genes
Sepsis
Nicotinamide Phosphoribosyltransferase
Macrophage Migration-Inhibitory Factors
Myosin-Light-Chain Kinase
Chromosome Mapping
Lung Injury
Gene Expression Profiling
Computational Biology
Computer Simulation
Single Nucleotide Polymorphism
Canidae
Organism Cloning
Interleukin-6
Cohort Studies
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Interleukin 6
  • Pre-B-cell colony enhancing factor
  • Single nucleotide polymorphism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Physiology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Functional genomic insights into acute lung injury : Role of ventilators and mechanical stress. / Nonas, Stephanie; Finigan, James H.; Gao, Li; Garcia, Joe G N.

In: Proceedings of the American Thoracic Society, Vol. 2, No. 3, 2005, p. 188-194.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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