DNA amplification at chromosomal region 20q12-q13, which is common in breast cancer, has recently been described also in ovarian tumors. We studied the amplification of the recently identified candidate oncogenes in this region in 24 sporadic, 3 familial and 4 hereditary ovarian carcinomas, and in 8 ovarian cancer cell lines. High-level amplification of at least one of the five nonsyntenic regions at 20q12-q13.2 was found in 13 sporadic (54%) and in all four hereditary tumors. Typically, two or more distinct amplicons (separated by nonamplified DNA) were found coamplified in various combinations. The regions defined by the AIB1 and PTPN1 genes (at 20q12 and 20q13.1, respectively) were amplified in 25% and 29% of the sporadic tumors, also without simultaneous coamplification of other regions. Amplification of AIB1 (asteroid receptor coactivator gene) was associated with estrogen receptor positivity in sporadic ovarian carcinomas (P = 0.01) and showed a tendency to correlate with poor survival of patients. Of the genes amplified in breast cancer, the BTAK gene was amplified in 21%, the MYBL2 gene in 17%, and the ZNF217 gene in 12.5% of the sporadic tumors. The high frequency of gene amplification at 20q12-q13.2 suggests that the genes amplified therein may play a central role in the pathogenesis of sporadic and hereditary ovarian carcinoma.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Clinical Cancer Research|
|State||Published - May 1 2000|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research