Frequency and Prognostic Significance of Acute Kidney Recovery in Patients Who Underwent Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation

Amir Azarbal, Kevin L. Leadholm, Takamaru Ashikaga, Richard J. Solomon, Harold L. Dauerman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Acute kidney injury (AKI) after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is associated with increased mortality. As significant hemodynamic improvement may occur with relief of aortic stenosis, we hypothesized that TAVI patients may demonstrate the opposite phenomena: acute kidney recovery (AKR). We studied the incidence and predictors of AKR in post-TAVI patients. A total of 366 consecutive patients underwent TAVI (January 2012 to January 2017) at a single center. We defined AKR as a 25% improvement in glomerular filtration rate (GFR) at 48 hours after TAVI. AKI-creatinine (Cr) was defined as an increase in Cr of ≥0.3 mg/dl at 48 hours. Patients were categorized in 3 groups: AKR (≥25% increase in GFR), unchanged GFR, and AKI-GFR (inverse definition of AKR, ≥25% decrease in GFR). Multivariable logistic regression defined independent predictors of AKR. AKR occurred in 1/3 of patients. AKI-Cr occurred in 13% of patients, whereas AKI-GFR occurred similarly in 15%. AKR and AKI occurred most frequently in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD: GFR ≤ 60 ml/min/1.73 m2). Independent predictors of AKR-GFR by multivariable analysis were male gender, lack of chronic β-blocker utilization, and presence of CKD. Notably, left ventricular dysfunction and contrast volume were not predictive of AKR. Transfusion occurred less frequently among patients with AKR compared with patients with AKI-GFR (11% vs 26%, p = 0.03). Death occurred in 0% of AKR patients versus 9.3% of AKI-GFR patients (p <0.01). In conclusion, this is the first report of AKR after TAVI. Patients with CKD, male gender, and lack of pre-TAVI beta blockade were more likely to demonstrate AKR.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)634-641
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiology
Volume121
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2018
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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