Bones fracture frequently and often result in significant impairments, functional limitations, and disabilities, especially when the hand is involved. When fractures occur, there is a disruption of the skeletal tissue organization and a loss of mechanical integrity. The goal of fracture healing is to regenerate mineralized tissue in the fracture area and restore mechanical strength to the bone. Of equal importance is the reconstitution of the normal soft tissue gliding and movement about the fracture site. This article briefly reviews the history of fracture healing and the advances in mechanics and cellular and molecular biology, which should help the reader better understand the current mechanisms related to bone healing (primarily and secondarily). Fracture fixation modes also are described along with the temporal sequencing as to when to protect or move the fractured region.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation