Fractional Flow Reserve of Infarct-Related Arteries Identifies Reversible Defects on Noninvasive Myocardial Perfusion Imaging Early After Myocardial Infarction

Habib Samady, Wolfgang Lepper, Eric R. Powers, Kevin Wei, Michael Ragosta, Gregory G. Bishop, Ian J. Sarembock, Lawrence Gimple, Denny D. Watson, George A. Beller, Kurt G. Barringhaus

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    66 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Objectives: We hypothesized that fractional flow reserve (FFR) of an infarct-related artery (IRA) early after myocardial infarction (MI) identifies inducible ischemia on noninvasive imaging. Background: Early after MI, IRAs frequently have angiographically indeterminant lesions. Whether FFR can detect reversible perfusion defects early after MI when dynamic microvascular abnormalities are present is not known. Methods: Rest and dipyridamole (DP)-stress 99mTc sestamibi single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) were performed in 48 patients 3.7 ± 1.3 days after MI, with 23 patients undergoing concurrent myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE). Angiography, FFR, and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of the IRA (as necessary) were subsequently performed. Follow-up SPECT was performed 11 weeks after PCI to identify true reversibility on baseline SPECT. Results: The sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive value, and concordance of FFR ≤0.75 for detecting reversibility on SPECT were 88%, 50%, 68%, 89%, and 71% (chi-square <0.001), respectively; which improved to 88%, 93%, 88%, 93%, and 91% (chi-square <0.001), respectively, for the detection of true reversibility. The corresponding values of FFR ≤0.75 for detecting reversibility on DP-MCE were 90%, 100%, 100%, 75%, and 93% (chi-square <0.001), respectively, and on either SPECT or MCE were 88%, 93%, 91%, 91%, and 91% (chi-square <0.001), respectively. The optimal FFR value for discriminating inducible ischemia on noninvasive imaging was 0.78. Conclusions: Fractional flow reserve of the IRA accurately identifies reversibility on noninvasive imaging early after MI. These findings support the utility of FFR early after MI.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)2187-2193
    Number of pages7
    JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
    Volume47
    Issue number11
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jun 6 2006

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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