Objectives: We hypothesized that fractional flow reserve (FFR) of an infarct-related artery (IRA) early after myocardial infarction (MI) identifies inducible ischemia on noninvasive imaging. Background: Early after MI, IRAs frequently have angiographically indeterminant lesions. Whether FFR can detect reversible perfusion defects early after MI when dynamic microvascular abnormalities are present is not known. Methods: Rest and dipyridamole (DP)-stress 99mTc sestamibi single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) were performed in 48 patients 3.7 ± 1.3 days after MI, with 23 patients undergoing concurrent myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE). Angiography, FFR, and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of the IRA (as necessary) were subsequently performed. Follow-up SPECT was performed 11 weeks after PCI to identify true reversibility on baseline SPECT. Results: The sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive value, and concordance of FFR ≤0.75 for detecting reversibility on SPECT were 88%, 50%, 68%, 89%, and 71% (chi-square <0.001), respectively; which improved to 88%, 93%, 88%, 93%, and 91% (chi-square <0.001), respectively, for the detection of true reversibility. The corresponding values of FFR ≤0.75 for detecting reversibility on DP-MCE were 90%, 100%, 100%, 75%, and 93% (chi-square <0.001), respectively, and on either SPECT or MCE were 88%, 93%, 91%, 91%, and 91% (chi-square <0.001), respectively. The optimal FFR value for discriminating inducible ischemia on noninvasive imaging was 0.78. Conclusions: Fractional flow reserve of the IRA accurately identifies reversibility on noninvasive imaging early after MI. These findings support the utility of FFR early after MI.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine