Food insecurity and sexual risk in an HIV endemic community in uganda

Cari L. Miller, David Bangsberg, David M. Tuller, Jude Senkungu, Annet Kawuma, Edward A. Frongillo, Sheri D. Weiser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

83 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Food insecurity has been linked to high-risk sexual behavior in sub-Saharan Africa, but there are limited data on these links among people living with HIV/AIDS, and on the mechanisms for how food insecurity predisposes individuals to risky sexual practices. We undertook a series of in-depth open-ended interviews with 41 individuals living with HIV/AIDS to understand the impact of food insecurity on sexual-risk behaviors. Participants were recruited from the Immune Suppression Clinic at the Mbarara University of Science and Technology in Mbarara, Uganda. Interviews were recorded, transcribed verbatim, translated, and coded following the strategy of grounded theory. Four major themes emerged from the interview data: the relationship between food insecurity and transactional sex for women; the impact of a husband's death from HIV on worsening food insecurity among women and children; the impact of food insecurity on control over condom use, and the relationship between food insecurity and staying in violent/abusive relationships. Food insecurity led to increased sexual vulnerability among women. Women were often compelled to engage in transactional sex or remain in violent or abusive relationships due to their reliance on men in their communities to provide food for themselves and their children. There is an urgent need to prioritize food security programs for women living with HIV/AIDS and address broader gender-based inequities that are propelling women to engage in risky sexual behaviors based on hunger. Such interventions will play an important role in improving the health and wellbeing of people living with HIV/AIDS, and preventing HIV transmission.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1512-1519
Number of pages8
JournalAIDS and Behavior
Volume15
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2011
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Uganda
Food Supply
HIV
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Sexual Behavior
Interviews
Risk-Taking
Hunger
Africa South of the Sahara
Condoms
Spouses
Technology
Food
Health

Keywords

  • Food insecurity
  • Gender
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Sexual-risk behavior
  • Transactional sex
  • Uganda
  • Violence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Social Psychology

Cite this

Miller, C. L., Bangsberg, D., Tuller, D. M., Senkungu, J., Kawuma, A., Frongillo, E. A., & Weiser, S. D. (2011). Food insecurity and sexual risk in an HIV endemic community in uganda. AIDS and Behavior, 15(7), 1512-1519. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10461-010-9693-0

Food insecurity and sexual risk in an HIV endemic community in uganda. / Miller, Cari L.; Bangsberg, David; Tuller, David M.; Senkungu, Jude; Kawuma, Annet; Frongillo, Edward A.; Weiser, Sheri D.

In: AIDS and Behavior, Vol. 15, No. 7, 10.2011, p. 1512-1519.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Miller, CL, Bangsberg, D, Tuller, DM, Senkungu, J, Kawuma, A, Frongillo, EA & Weiser, SD 2011, 'Food insecurity and sexual risk in an HIV endemic community in uganda', AIDS and Behavior, vol. 15, no. 7, pp. 1512-1519. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10461-010-9693-0
Miller CL, Bangsberg D, Tuller DM, Senkungu J, Kawuma A, Frongillo EA et al. Food insecurity and sexual risk in an HIV endemic community in uganda. AIDS and Behavior. 2011 Oct;15(7):1512-1519. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10461-010-9693-0
Miller, Cari L. ; Bangsberg, David ; Tuller, David M. ; Senkungu, Jude ; Kawuma, Annet ; Frongillo, Edward A. ; Weiser, Sheri D. / Food insecurity and sexual risk in an HIV endemic community in uganda. In: AIDS and Behavior. 2011 ; Vol. 15, No. 7. pp. 1512-1519.
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