Fluid dynamics in aging-related dementias

Thierno M. Bah, Dominic A. Siler, Aseel H. Ibrahim, Justin S. Cetas, Nabil J. Alkayed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Recent human and animal model experimental studies revealed novel pathways for fluid movement, immune cell trafficking and metabolic waste clearance in CNS. These studies raise the intriguing possibility that the newly discovered pathways, including the glymphatic system, lymphatic meningeal vessels and skull-brain communication channels, are impaired in aging and neurovascular and neurodegenerative diseases associated with dementia, including Alzheimer's disease (AD) and AD-related dementia. We provide an overview of the glymphatic and dural meningeal lymphatic systems, review current methods and approaches used to study glymphatic flow in humans and animals, and discuss current evidence and controversies related to its role in CNS flow homeostasis under physiological and pathophysiological conditions. Non-invasive imaging approaches are needed to fully understand the mechanisms and pathways driving fluid movement in CNS and their roles across lifespan including healthy aging and aging-related dementia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number105986
JournalNeurobiology of Disease
StatePublished - Feb 2023


  • Aging
  • Dementia
  • Fluid dynamics
  • Glymphatics
  • Meningeal lymphatics
  • Neurodegenerative diseases

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology


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