Flow measurements in a highly curwed atherosclerotic coronary artery cast of man

L. H. Back, T. K. Liem, E. Y. Kwack, D. W. Crawford

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Flow visualization and wall pressure measurements were made in a polyurethane cast of a cadaver coronary artery with a significant “s” shaped reverse curvature. A sucrose solution was used to simulate the kinematic viscosity of blood, with flow rates in the physiologic range. Flow visualization demonstrated significant secondary flow patterns in the wall vicinity, which increased with increasing Reynolds number. Random dye dispersion was observed at a Reynolds number of about 400, but not at 200. Dye filament patterns in the transition between the first and second curved region were predominantly influenced by the second curved region at lower Reynolds numbers, and by the first curved region at higher Re. Local wall pressure measurements demonstrated a significant centrifugal effect with large radial pressure differences across the casting. Flow resistances for the casting were considerably greater than reference Poiseuille flow values, and increased further with pulsatile flow.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)232-240
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biomechanical Engineering
Volume114
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1992
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Physiology (medical)

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