Fine structure and multicomponents of the electrically evoked otoacoustic emission in gerbil

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Abstract

Like the acoustically evoked distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAE), the amplitude spectrum of the extracochlear electrically evoked otoacoustic emission (EEOAE) also shows peaks and valleys, which are termed the fine structure (FS) of the EEOAE. The hypothesis that the FS of the EEOAE is generated by multiple wave interactions in the cochlea is investigated by examining the relationship between the FS and the multiple-delay components of the EEOAE. The bulla of the gerbil was exposed using a ventral surgical approach. One pole of a bipolar electrode was placed in the round window niche, and the other pole on the surface of the first cochlear turn. A microphone was used to measure electrically evoked sound pressure change in the ear canal. A recently developed multicomponent analysis method was used to detect the EEOAE multiple delays. It was found that the FS is the spectral representation of the multiple-delay components. The relative power of a prominent long delay component (LDC) shows a negative relationship to the electrical stimulus level. Both the FS and the LDC were abolished by intravenous furosemide. Reconstructed signals showed that mathematical removal of the EEOAE LDC also completely eliminated the FS. These data demonstrate that the FS and the EEOAE multicomponents are properties of normal cochlear mechanics in a healthy ear and that the FS is a manifestation of the multicomponents. The findings in this study strongly indicate that the FS of the EEOAE evoked by extracochlear electrical stimulation is generated by wave interaction in the cochlea. The similarity between the EEOAE FS and the DPOAE FS suggests that they may share the same mechanism. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)58-68
Number of pages11
JournalHearing Research
Volume143
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2000

Keywords

  • Cochlea
  • Cochlear amplifier
  • Electrical stimulation
  • Electrically evoked otoacoustic emission
  • Furosemide
  • Otoacoustic emission
  • Signal processing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sensory Systems

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