Fibromyalgia: Present to future

Robert Bennett

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

    26 Scopus citations


    There has been a dramatic increase in our understanding of fibromyalgia throughout the past 14 years since the publication of the 1990 American College of Rheumatology classification criteria. Before 1990, and for most of the 20th century, fibromyalgia was considered to be predominantly a muscle disorder; now the critical abnormality is described as "central sensitization." However, central sensitization has to have an initial genesis and nociceptive stimuli from painful foci in muscle are increasingly recognized as being relevant to the development of fibromyalgia. Clinicians also recognize an association between the initiation of fibromyalgia and chronic psychologic stressors and inflammatory disorders. It has been more difficult to understand how two such apparently diverse events could affect central pain physiology. However, some clues are emerging from the role of diverse stimuli in activating glial cells and the role of disordered cytokine networks. Some predictions about future developments in fibromyaglia are ventured based on the current state of knowledge.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)379-384
    Number of pages6
    JournalCurrent pain and headache reports
    Issue number5
    StatePublished - Oct 2004

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Clinical Neurology
    • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine


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