Fetal cardiac function after labetalol or pindolol for maternal hypertension in a sheep model of increased placental vascular resistance

Tiina Erkinaro, Mervi Haapsamo, Tomi Kavasmaa, Kaarin Mäkikallio, Ganesh Acharya, Juha Räsänen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: We hypothesized that labetalol and pindolol have no detrimental effects on fetal cardiac function and pulmonary hemodynamics when administered for norepinephrine-induced maternal hypertension in a chronic sheep model of increased placental vascular resistance. Specifically, we investigated the effects of labetalol and pindolol on fetal cardiopulmonary responses to acute hypoxemia. Study design: Twenty chronically instrumented near-term ewes with increased placental vascular resistance after placental embolization were anesthetized and randomized to receive labetalol or pindolol for norepinephrine-induced hypertension. Thereafter, maternal inspiratory oxygen fraction was decreased to induce fetal hypoxemia. At the end of each phase, fetal hemodynamics were assessed by Doppler ultrasonography. The data were analyzed using repeated measures ANOVA. Results: Maternal administration of norepinephrine had no effect on fetal hemodynamics. Pindolol decreased fetal heart rate and weight-indexed left ventricular cardiac output and increased pulmonary vascular impedances, while labetalol had no effect on these parameters. During hypoxemia, fetal heart rate increased to baseline in the pindolol group and pulmonary vascular impedances increased in the labetalol group, with no changes in fetal cardiac outputs. Conclusion: Pindolol decreased fetal left ventricular cardiac output and induced vasoconstriction in the pulmonary vasculature, but neither pindolol nor labetalol significantly modified fetal cardiopulmonary responses to acute hypoxemia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)18-22
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Biology
Volume166
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2013

Keywords

  • Adrenoceptor antagonists
  • Doppler ultrasonography
  • Fetal cardiovascular adaptation
  • Hypoxemia
  • Sheep

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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