OBJECTIVE. The goal of this intraindividual comparison study was to investigate whether ferumoxytol-enhanced MRI is as effective as standard-of-care gadolinium-enhanced MRI in detecting intracranial metastatic disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS. We retrospectively reviewed all patients who underwent imaging as part of two ongoing ferumoxytol-enhanced and gadolinium-enhanced MRI protocol studies to compare the number and size of enhancing metastatic lesions. Two neuroradiologists independently measured enhancing metastases on ferumoxytol-enhanced MR images and on control gadolinium-enhanced MR images. The number and size of metastases were compared on an intraindividual basis. Primary diagnoses were recorded. A linear mixed-effects model was used to compare differences in cubic root of volume between gadolinium-enhanced and ferumoxytol-enhanced MRI. A signed rank test was used to evaluate differences between reviewers. RESULTS. MR images from 19 patients with brain metastases were analyzed (seven with lung cancer, three with breast cancer, three with melanoma, two with ovarian cancer, one with colon cancer, one with renal cell carcinoma, one with carcinoid tumor, and one with uterine cancer). Reviewer 1 identified 77 masses on ferumoxytol-enhanced MRI and 72 masses on gadolinium-enhanced MRI. Reviewer 2 identified 83 masses on ferumoxytol-enhanced MRI and 78 masses on gadolinium-enhanced MRI. For reviewer 1, ferumoxytol-enhanced MRI showed a mean tumor size measuring 1.1 mm larger in each plane compared with gadolinium-enhanced MRI (p = 0.1887). For reviewer 2, ferumoxytol-enhanced MRI showed a mean tumor size measuring 1.0 mm larger in each plane (p = 0.2892). No significant differences in number of metastases or tumor sizes were observed between contrast agents or reviewers. CONCLUSION. Intracranial metastatic disease detection with ferumoxytol-enhanced MRI was not inferior to detection with gadolinium-enhanced MRI. Ferumoxytol-enhanced MRI could improve workup and monitoring of patients with brain metastases if gadolinium-enhanced MRI is contraindicated.
- Brain metastases
- Contrast agents
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging