Femoral Strain Adaptation after Total Hip Replacement: A Comparison of Cemented and Porous Ingrowth Components in Canines

R. Vanderby, P. A. Manley, D. M. Belloli, S. S. Kohles, R. J. Thielke, A. A. Mcbeath

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate if experimental strain analysis is predictive of femoral adaptation after total hip replace- ment (THR). Ten large adult dogs underwent unilateral THR with identical implants. Five implants were press fit for porous ingrowth fixation, andjive were cemented. Four months after surgery femora were harvested. Strain gauge rosettes were applied to the femora at eight proximal locations. Femora were compressively loaded on the head of the femur or femoral component. Strain data represented three conditions: preoperative, acutely postoperative, and four-month postoperative. The unoperated, femur of each dog was used to simulate preoperative and acutely postoperative behavior of the contralateral implanted femur. Strains from each condition were com- pared. Transverse femoral sections were obtained through the levels of the strain gauges. Fine detailed radiographs were used to quantify morphological changes. Results showed cemented and uncemented implantations produce yimilar trends but different amounts of bone adaptation. Adaptations were generally consistent in direction with strain perturbations caused by implantation, hut the extent of adaptation did not strongly correlate with the magnitude of perturbations. Also, there was no consistent trend towards normalization of altered strains. Results suggest that strain perturbations after THR may be mechanical triggers for morphological changes, but caution is required when predicting the extent of these changes or the autoregulatory role of strain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)97-109
Number of pages13
JournalProceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part H: Journal of Engineering in Medicine
Volume204
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1990

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering

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