Background: The evidence regarding the use of feeding tubes in persons with advanced dementia to prevent or heal pressure ulcers is conflicting. Using national data, we set out to determine whether percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tubes prevent or help heal pressure ulcers in nursing home (NH) residents with advanced cognitive impairment (ACI). Methods: A propensity-matched cohort study of NH residents with ACI and recent need for assistance in eating was conducted by matching each NH resident who had a feeding tube inserted during a hospitalization to 3 without a PEG tube inserted. Using the Minimum Data Set (MDS), we examined 2 outcomes: first, whether residents without a pressure ulcer developed a stage 2 or higher pressure ulcer (n=1124 with PEG insertion); and second, whether NH residents with a pressure ulcer (n=461) experienced improvement of the pressure ulcer by their first posthospitalization MDS assessment (mean [SD] time between evaluations, 24.6 [32.7] days). Results: Matched residents with and without a PEG insertion showed comparable sociodemographic characteristic, rates of feeding tube risk factors, and mortality. Adjusted for risk factors, hospitalizedNHresidents receiving a PEG tube were 2.27 times more likely to develop a new pressure ulcer(95%CI, 1.95-2.65). Conversely, those with a pressure ulcer were less likely to have the ulcer healwhen theyhadaPEGtubeinserted(OR0.70[95%CI, 0.55-0.89]). Conclusions: Feeding tubes are not associated with prevention or improved healing of a pressure ulcer. Rather, our findings suggest that the use of PEG tube is associated with increased risk of pressure ulcers amongNHresidents with ACI.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine