Feasibility and Acceptability of Nurse-Led Primary Palliative Care for Older Adults with Chronic Conditions: A Pilot Study

Shigeko Izumi, Basilia Basin, Margo Presley, Jean McCalmont, Jon P. Furuno, Brie Noble, Judith Baggs, J. Randall Curtis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Many older adults live with serious illness for years before their death. Nurse-led primary palliative care could improve their quality of life and ability to stay in their community. Objectives: To assess feasibility and acceptability of a nurse-led Transitional Palliative Care (TPC) program for older adults with serious illness. Methods: The study was a pilot trial of the TPC program in which registered nurses assisted patients with symptom management, communication with care providers, and advance care planning. Forty-one older adults with chronic conditions were enrolled in TPC or standard care groups. Feasibility was assessed through enrollment and attrition rates and degree of intervention execution. Acceptability was assessed through surveys and exit interviews with participants and intervention nurses. Results: Enrollment rate for those approached was 68%, and completion rate for those enrolled was 71%. The TPC group found the intervention acceptable and helpful and was more satisfied with care received than the control group. However, one-third of participants perceived that TPC was more than they needed, despite the number of symptoms they experienced and the burdensomeness of their symptoms. More than half of the participants had little to no difficulty participating in daily activities. Conclusion: This study demonstrated that the nurse-led TPC program is feasible, acceptable, and perceived as helpful. However, further refinement is needed in selection criteria to identify the population who would most benefit from primary palliative care before future test of the efficacy of this intervention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1114-1121
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Palliative Medicine
Volume21
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2018

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Keywords

  • feasibility
  • multiple chronic conditions
  • older adult
  • primary palliative care
  • serious illness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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