Feasibility and acceptability of advance care planning facilitated by nonphysician clinicians in Japanese primary care: Implementation pilot study

Takahiro Mochizuki, Daisuke Yamashita, Chikako Miura, Masakazu Nakamura, Shigeko Izumi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Implementation of advance care planning (ACP) is urgently needed in Japan, which is one of the most aging countries. This study tested the feasibility and acceptability of ACP facilitated by nonphysician clinicians, and identified barriers and enablers to implementing ACP into Japanese primary care. Methods: We trained 10 nonphysician clinicians (seven registered nurses, two medical social workers, and one care manager) in four primary care clinics as ACP facilitators. From April to June 2019, the trained facilitators had 19 ACP conversations with their patients. We conducted semistructured interviews and surveys regarding satisfaction and appropriateness of the ACP with patients, family members, ACP facilitators, and primary care physicians (PCPs) regarding their perceptions about ACP facilitated by nonphysician clinicians. Survey data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, and interviews were analyzed using a qualitative content analysis approach. Results: Majority of patients (75%) and family members (71%) were satisfied with ACP facilitated by nonphysician clinicians. In 71%, ACP facilitators and PCPs thought their ACP facilitation was appropriate and acceptable. Patients stated that they felt comfortable having ACP conversations with nonphysician clinicians. Identified barriers and enablers for ACP included: time restraints, size and organization of the clinics, settings for ACP conversations (ACP at the patient's home), team collaboration, and use of existing system to trigger ACP. Conclusions: Advance care planning facilitated by nonphysician clinicians was feasible and acceptable in Japanese primary care. Further studies are needed to explore strategies to overcome the barriers and enhance the enablers identified in this study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of General and Family Medicine
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • advance care planning
  • implementation research
  • nonphysician clinicians
  • primary care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Family Practice

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Feasibility and acceptability of advance care planning facilitated by nonphysician clinicians in Japanese primary care: Implementation pilot study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this