Feasibility and acceptability of a remotely delivered, web-based behavioral intervention for men with prostate cancer: Four-arm randomized controlled pilot trial

June M. Chan, Erin L. van Blarigan, Crystal S. Langlais, Shoujun Zhao, Justin W. Ramsdill, Kimi Daniel, Greta Macaire, Elizabeth Wang, Kellie Paich, Elizabeth R. Kessler, Tomasz M. Beer, Karen S. Lyons, Jeanette M. Broering, Peter R. Carroll, Stacey A. Kenfield, Kerri M. Winters-Stone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Diet and exercise may be associated with quality of life and survival in men with prostate cancer. Objective: This study aimed to determine the feasibility and acceptability of a remotely delivered web-based behavioral intervention among men with prostate cancer. Methods: We conducted a multi-site 4-arm pilot randomized controlled trial of a 3-month intervention (TrueNTH Community of Wellness). Eligibility included self-reported prostate cancer diagnosis, having a personal device that connected to the internet, age ≥18 years, and ability to read English and receive text messages and emails. Men receiving chemotherapy or radiation, or those who reported contraindications to exercise, could participate with physician clearance. Participants were randomized (1:1:1:1) to additive intervention levels: website; website and personalized diet and exercise prescription; website, personalized prescription, Fitbit, and text messages; and website, personalized prescription, Fitbit, text messages, and 2 30-minute phone calls-one with an exercise trainer and one with a registered dietician. Primary outcomes were feasibility (accrual and attrition) and acceptability (survey data and website use). We described self-reported diet and exercise behavior at the time of enrollment, 3 months, and 6 months as secondary outcomes. Results: In total, 202 men consented and were randomized between August 2017 and September 2018 (level 1: 49, level 2: 51, level 3: 50, level 4: 52). A total of 160 men completed the onboarding process and were exposed to their randomly assigned intervention (38, 38, 42, and 42 in levels 1, 2, 3, and 4, respectively). The follow-up rate was 82.7% (167/202) at 3 months and 77.2% (156/202) at 6 months. Participants had a median age of 70 years and were primarily White and college educated. Website visit frequency over the 3-month intervention period increased across levels (median: 2, 9, 11, and 16 visits for levels 1, 2, 3, and 4, respectively). Most were satisfied or very satisfied with the intervention (20/39, 51%; 27/42, 64%; 23/44, 52%; and 27/42, 64% for levels 1, 2, 3, and 4, respectively). The percentage of men who reported being very satisfied was highest among level 4 participants (10/42, 24% vs 4/39, 10%; 5/42, 12%; and 5/44, 11% for levels 1, 2, and 3, respectively). Dissatisfaction was highest in level 1 (5/39, 13% vs 1/42, 2%; 3/44, 7%; and 2/42, 5% for levels 2, 3, and 4, respectively). We observed small improvements in diet and physical activity at 3 months among men in level 4 versus those in level 1. Conclusions: A web-based, remotely delivered, tailored behavioral intervention for men with prostate cancer is feasible. Future studies are warranted to increase the effect of the intervention on patient behavior while maintaining sustainability and scalability as well as to design and implement interventions for more diverse populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere19238
JournalJournal of medical Internet research
Volume22
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2020

Keywords

  • Cancer
  • Diet
  • Exercise
  • Internet
  • Lifestyle
  • Physical activity
  • Survivorship
  • Text messages

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Informatics

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