Fast and power-efficient infrared single-photon upconversion using hot-carrier luminescence

Hod Finkelstein, Kai Zhao, Matthias Gross, Yu Hwa Lo, Sadik Esener

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

We analyze a new method for single-photon frequency upconversion. This technique uses a byproduct of the avalanche process - electroluminescence resulting from hot-carrier recombination - as a means of upconversion. Because the spectrum of the emitted photons peaks near the bandgap of the multiplying material and has a significant tail at higher energies, it is possible to generate secondary photons at significantly higher energies than the primary absorbed photon. The secondary photons can then be detected by a coupled CMOS silicon single-photon avalanche diode (SPAD), where the information can also be processes. This upconversion scheme does not require any electrical connections between the detecting device and the silicon SPAD, so glass-to-glass bonding can be used, resulting in inexpensive, high-density arrays of detectors. We calculate the internal and system upconversion efficiencies, and show that the proposed scheme is feasible and highly efficient for application such as quantum key distribution and near infrared low-light-level imaging.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationQuantum Communications and Quantum Imaging V
Volume6710
DOIs
StatePublished - 2007
Externally publishedYes
EventQuantum Communications and Quantum Imaging V - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: Aug 26 2007Aug 28 2007

Other

OtherQuantum Communications and Quantum Imaging V
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego, CA
Period8/26/078/28/07

Fingerprint

Hot carriers
Luminescence
Photons
luminescence
Infrared radiation
photons
Avalanche diodes
avalanche diodes
Glass bonding
Quantum cryptography
Silicon
glass
Electroluminescence
silicon
electroluminescence
avalanches
Byproducts
CMOS
Energy gap
Detectors

Keywords

  • Avalanche breakdown
  • Avalanche photodiodes
  • Photodetectors
  • Upconversion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Finkelstein, H., Zhao, K., Gross, M., Lo, Y. H., & Esener, S. (2007). Fast and power-efficient infrared single-photon upconversion using hot-carrier luminescence. In Quantum Communications and Quantum Imaging V (Vol. 6710). [671014] https://doi.org/10.1117/12.728822

Fast and power-efficient infrared single-photon upconversion using hot-carrier luminescence. / Finkelstein, Hod; Zhao, Kai; Gross, Matthias; Lo, Yu Hwa; Esener, Sadik.

Quantum Communications and Quantum Imaging V. Vol. 6710 2007. 671014.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Finkelstein, H, Zhao, K, Gross, M, Lo, YH & Esener, S 2007, Fast and power-efficient infrared single-photon upconversion using hot-carrier luminescence. in Quantum Communications and Quantum Imaging V. vol. 6710, 671014, Quantum Communications and Quantum Imaging V, San Diego, CA, United States, 8/26/07. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.728822
Finkelstein H, Zhao K, Gross M, Lo YH, Esener S. Fast and power-efficient infrared single-photon upconversion using hot-carrier luminescence. In Quantum Communications and Quantum Imaging V. Vol. 6710. 2007. 671014 https://doi.org/10.1117/12.728822
Finkelstein, Hod ; Zhao, Kai ; Gross, Matthias ; Lo, Yu Hwa ; Esener, Sadik. / Fast and power-efficient infrared single-photon upconversion using hot-carrier luminescence. Quantum Communications and Quantum Imaging V. Vol. 6710 2007.
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