Over the years, a number of treatments for persistent low back pain following spine surgery, the failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS), have been developed. The complexity of the clinical problem, the multidimensional nature of chronic pain, and general lack of rigorous study design, however, have obscured outcome assessment and hampered efforts to optimize patient selection criteria. Recent work has focused on refinement of existing therapies for FBSS and identification of factors that influence outcome and improve patient selection criteria. In combination with more rigorous study methodology, these efforts have led to improved understanding of the clinical response to a number of pharmacologic, surgical, and neuromodulation therapies for FBSS.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Insect Science