Factors that influence personal perceptions of the risk of an acute myocardial infarction

Hendrika Meischke, Deborah E. Sellers, Mark L. Robbins, David C. Goff, Mohamud R. Daya, Angela Meshack, Judy Taylor, Jane Zapka, Mary Mc Donald Hand

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

44 Scopus citations

Abstract

Personal risk perceptions of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) affect people's preventive health behaviors as well as their beliefs during a heart attack episode. The authors investigated factors that are associated with personal risk perceptions of having an AMI. A random-digit-dial survey was conducted among 1294 respondents, aged 18 years or older, in 20 communities across the nation as part of the Rapid Early Action for Coronary Treatment (REACT) trial. Results of two mixed-model linear regression analyses suggested that worse perceived general health, more risk factors, and greater knowledge were associated with greater perception of AMI risk. The results also showed that women who answered, incorrectly, that heart disease is not the most common cause of death for women in the United States reported significantly lower risk perceptions than women who answered this question correctly. The findings in this study suggest that interventions need to target specific misconceptions regarding AMI risk.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4-13
Number of pages10
JournalBehavioral Medicine
Volume26
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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    Meischke, H., Sellers, D. E., Robbins, M. L., Goff, D. C., Daya, M. R., Meshack, A., Taylor, J., Zapka, J., & Hand, M. M. D. (2000). Factors that influence personal perceptions of the risk of an acute myocardial infarction. Behavioral Medicine, 26(1), 4-13. https://doi.org/10.1080/08964280009595748