Factors That Impact Patient Outcome: Nutrition Assessment

Robert G. Martindale, Stephen A. McClave, Rosemary A. Kozar, Daren K. Heyland, Christy M. Lawson, Brian J. Daley, Valerie G. Sams, Robert Martindale, Kenneth A. Kudsk, Keith R. Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Defining malnutrition and nutrition risk has been a topic of many papers and discussions throughout the modern literature. Multiple definitions have been proposed, ranging from simple body weight measurements to a more all-encompassing concept looking at disease-specific inflammatory states. Biochemical markers, elements of a history examination, physical examination findings, calculations, and technical tests have all been proposed to help further characterize and delineate those who might be at risk for malnutrition, translating to an increased risk of adverse outcomes after major surgery. The purpose of this paper is to summarize some of the most utilized and most reliable ways to determine nutrition status within the scope of the North American Surgical Nutrition Summit (2012) and discuss how to incorporate these methods into the way that patients are screened preoperatively for elective surgery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)30S-38S
JournalJournal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Volume37
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2013

Keywords

  • body mass index
  • elective surgery
  • malnutrition
  • nutrition assessment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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    Martindale, R. G., McClave, S. A., Kozar, R. A., Heyland, D. K., Lawson, C. M., Daley, B. J., Sams, V. G., Martindale, R., Kudsk, K. A., & Miller, K. R. (2013). Factors That Impact Patient Outcome: Nutrition Assessment. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, 37, 30S-38S. https://doi.org/10.1177/0148607113499372