The possible mechanisms of the increase in serum triglycerides (TG) and TG-rich lipoproteins were studied in chronically uremic (U) rats by comparison with either ad-lib fed control (C) rats or diet-restricted (DR), sham-operated pair-fed control rats. A first series of animals was studied in the fed state and a second series after a 16-hr fast. In U animals the concentration of serum TG and TG-rich particles was lower than that of C rats in the fed state but significantly higher than that of C and DR rats after a 16-hr fast. Serum glucose and lactate concentrations in the fed or fasted state were unchanged by uremia. Serum insulin concentration was significantly decreased in U rats as compared to C and DR rats in both series. The fast did not increase the concentration of serum nonesterified fatty acids (NEFA) in U or DR animals to the same extent as in C rats, whereas the serum concentration of β-hydroxybutyrate (BOB), which was higher than that of C rats in the fed state, was significantly lower after a 16-hr fast. In U animals, as compared to control rats of either series, a significant decrease of epididymal lipoprotein lipase (LPL) activity was observed during both nutritional states when expressing the enzymic activity per number of cells. In conclusion, our data provide evidence against hepatic overproduction of TG-rich lipoproteins in rats with chronic renal failure and strongly point to an LPL-mediated defect of their peripheral catabolism, probably related to the insulin deficiency state.
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