Factors influencing survival after therapeutic shunts. Results of a discriminant function and linear logistic regressions analysis

John P. Cello, Karen E. Deveney, Donald D. Trunkey, David C. Heilbron, Ronald J. Stoney, William K. Ehrenfeld, Lawrence W. Way

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Scopus citations


Data on 100 consecutive patients undergoing portasystemic shunt at three hospitals of the University of California, San Francisco, were analyzed retrospectively to look for variables portending poor immediate and long-term outcome. As a determinant of early mortality after portacaval shunt, the Child's classification of the patient remains the single most important factor. If the patient is in Child's class C and has a hematocrit of less than 32 percent, he is even less likely to survive 30 days. The malnourished male patient who resumes drinking postoperatively is least likely to survive 1 year. Though short- and long-term mortality did not correlate with type of shunt, the prosthetic interposition mesocaval shunt was associated with an unacceptably high thrombosis rate of 20 percent in our institutions, and represented a technical failure to achieve the goal of preventing further variceal bleeding. No matter what type of shunt was performed, however, the 30 day mortality of Child's class C patients exceeded 50 percent. In the latter patients methods of treatment other than portasystemic shunts should be evaluated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)257-265
Number of pages9
JournalThe American Journal of Surgery
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1981


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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