Factors influencing amount of guidance in the operating room during laparoscopic cases

Heather E. Hoops, Caleb Haley, Mackenzie R. Cook, Olga Lopez, Elizabeth Dewey, Karen J. Brasel, Donn Spight, Laszlo Kiraly

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Background: Identifying factors associated with resident autonomy may help improve training efficiency. This study evaluates resident and procedural factors associated with level of guidance needed in the operating room. Methods: Intraoperative performance and yearly performance on Fundamentals of Laparoscopic Surgery (FLS) tasks from 74 general surgery residents were retrospectively reviewed. The effect of post-graduate year (PGY), procedure complexity, case difficulty, intraoperative performance, and FLS task performance were analyzed using a mixed-effects model. Results: PGY level, procedure complexity, case difficulty, operative technique, and operative knowledge were significantly associated with level of intraoperative guidance. In PGY2-4 residents, ratings of medical knowledge and communication were also significantly associated with guidance. There was no significant association between FLS performance and level of guidance for any PGY level. Conclusions: The amount of intraoperative guidance is influenced by many factors, including resident performance and case characteristics. FLS tasks performance was not significantly associated with intraoperative guidance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)979-985
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican journal of surgery
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


Dive into the research topics of 'Factors influencing amount of guidance in the operating room during laparoscopic cases'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this