Background: Identifying factors associated with resident autonomy may help improve training efficiency. This study evaluates resident and procedural factors associated with level of guidance needed in the operating room. Methods: Intraoperative performance and yearly performance on Fundamentals of Laparoscopic Surgery (FLS) tasks from 74 general surgery residents were retrospectively reviewed. The effect of post-graduate year (PGY), procedure complexity, case difficulty, intraoperative performance, and FLS task performance were analyzed using a mixed-effects model. Results: PGY level, procedure complexity, case difficulty, operative technique, and operative knowledge were significantly associated with level of intraoperative guidance. In PGY2-4 residents, ratings of medical knowledge and communication were also significantly associated with guidance. There was no significant association between FLS performance and level of guidance for any PGY level. Conclusions: The amount of intraoperative guidance is influenced by many factors, including resident performance and case characteristics. FLS tasks performance was not significantly associated with intraoperative guidance.
ASJC Scopus subject areas