Factors associated with use of slip-resistant shoes in US limited-service restaurant workers

Santosh K. Verma, Theodore K. Courtney, Helen L. Corns, Yueng-hsiang Huang, David A. Lombardi, Wen Ruey Chang, Melanye J. Brennan, Melissa J. Perry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations


Objectives Slips and falls are a leading cause of injury at work. Several studies have indicated that slip-resistant shoes can reduce the risk of occupational slips and falls. Few studies, however, have examined the determinants of slip-resistant shoe use. This study examined the individual and workplace factors associated with slip-resistant shoe use. Methods 475 workers from 36 limited-service restaurants in the USA participated in a study of workplace slipping. Demographic and job characteristic information about each participant was collected. Restaurant managers provided information on whether slip-resistant shoes were provided and paid for by the employer and whether any guidance was given regarding slip-resistant shoe use when they were not provided. Kitchen floor coefficient of friction was measured. Slip-resistant status of the shoes was determined by noting the presence of a 'slip-resistant' marking on the sole. Poisson regression with robust SE was used to calculate prevalence ratios. Results 320 participants wore slip-resistant shoes (67%). In the multivariate analysis, the prevalence of slip-resistant shoe use was lowest in 15-19-year age group. Women were more likely to wear slip-resistant shoes (prevalence ratio 1.18, 95% CI 1.07 to 1.31). The prevalence of slip-resistant shoe use was lower when no guidance regarding slip-resistant shoes was given as compared to when they were provided by the employer (prevalence ratio 0.66, 95% CI 0.55 to 0.79). Education level, job tenure and the mean coefficient of friction had no significant effects on the use of slip-resistant shoes. Conclusion Provision of slip-resistant shoes was the strongest predictor of their use. Given their effectiveness and low cost, employers should consider providing slip-resistant shoes at work.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)176-181
Number of pages6
JournalInjury Prevention
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2012
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Verma, S. K., Courtney, T. K., Corns, H. L., Huang, Y., Lombardi, D. A., Chang, W. R., ... Perry, M. J. (2012). Factors associated with use of slip-resistant shoes in US limited-service restaurant workers. Injury Prevention, 18(3), 176-181. https://doi.org/10.1136/injuryprev-2011-040094