Factors associated with use of slip-resistant shoes in US limited-service restaurant workers

Santosh K. Verma, Theodore K. Courtney, Helen L. Corns, Yueng Hsiang Huang, David A. Lombardi, Wen Ruey Chang, Melanye J. Brennan, Melissa J. Perry

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4 Scopus citations


Objectives Slips and falls are a leading cause of injury at work. Several studies have indicated that slip-resistant shoes can reduce the risk of occupational slips and falls. Few studies, however, have examined the determinants of slip-resistant shoe use. This study examined the individual and workplace factors associated with slip-resistant shoe use. Methods 475 workers from 36 limited-service restaurants in the USA participated in a study of workplace slipping. Demographic and job characteristic information about each participant was collected. Restaurant managers provided information on whether slip-resistant shoes were provided and paid for by the employer and whether any guidance was given regarding slip-resistant shoe use when they were not provided. Kitchen floor coefficient of friction was measured. Slip-resistant status of the shoes was determined by noting the presence of a 'slip-resistant' marking on the sole. Poisson regression with robust SE was used to calculate prevalence ratios. Results 320 participants wore slip-resistant shoes (67%). In the multivariate analysis, the prevalence of slip-resistant shoe use was lowest in 15-19-year age group. Women were more likely to wear slip-resistant shoes (prevalence ratio 1.18, 95% CI 1.07 to 1.31). The prevalence of slip-resistant shoe use was lower when no guidance regarding slip-resistant shoes was given as compared to when they were provided by the employer (prevalence ratio 0.66, 95% CI 0.55 to 0.79). Education level, job tenure and the mean coefficient of friction had no significant effects on the use of slip-resistant shoes. Conclusion Provision of slip-resistant shoes was the strongest predictor of their use. Given their effectiveness and low cost, employers should consider providing slip-resistant shoes at work.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)176-181
Number of pages6
JournalInjury Prevention
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 1 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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    Verma, S. K., Courtney, T. K., Corns, H. L., Huang, Y. H., Lombardi, D. A., Chang, W. R., Brennan, M. J., & Perry, M. J. (2012). Factors associated with use of slip-resistant shoes in US limited-service restaurant workers. Injury Prevention, 18(3), 176-181. https://doi.org/10.1136/injuryprev-2011-040094