Factorial Invariance and Latent Mean Stability of Performance Failure Appraisals

David E. Conroy, Jonathan N. Metzler, Scott Hofer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

60 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Accumulating evidence points to the validity of fear of failure (FF) score interpretations for the Performance Failure Appraisal Inventory (PFAI); however, the temporal stability of scores has not been established previously. Female and male college students participating in exercise activity classes (N = 356) completed long- and short-form versions of the PFAI on 4 occasions over a 3-week period. An evaluation of the factor structure, latent mean stability, and individual differences in change of PFAI scores was performed using longitudinal factorial invariance (LFI) and latent growth curve (LGC) analyses. Evidence was obtained for LFI of all first-order factors on the long form and the general FF factor (long and short forms). Differential stability estimates for 6 time intervals ranging from 2 to 21 days exceeded conventional minimum values for all factors. A small decrease in latent mean scores due to a skills test and a possible habituation effect was observed after the first occasion for several factors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)401-422
Number of pages22
JournalStructural Equation Modeling
Volume10
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2003
Externally publishedYes

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performance disorder
Factorial
Invariance
anxiety
Factor Structure
Growth Curve
Individual Differences
Students
Stability Estimates
evidence
Exercise
interpretation
Factors
First-order
Decrease
evaluation
Interval
Form
Evaluation
Values

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Decision Sciences(all)
  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance(all)
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

Factorial Invariance and Latent Mean Stability of Performance Failure Appraisals. / Conroy, David E.; Metzler, Jonathan N.; Hofer, Scott.

In: Structural Equation Modeling, Vol. 10, No. 3, 2003, p. 401-422.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Conroy, David E. ; Metzler, Jonathan N. ; Hofer, Scott. / Factorial Invariance and Latent Mean Stability of Performance Failure Appraisals. In: Structural Equation Modeling. 2003 ; Vol. 10, No. 3. pp. 401-422.
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