Factor analysis of the Parenting Stress Index-Short Form with parents of young children with autism spectrum disorders

Anat Zaidman-Zait, Pat Mirenda, Bruno D. Zumbo, Stelios Georgiades, Peter Szatmari, Susan Bryson, Eric Fombonne, Wendy Roberts, Isabel Smith, Tracy Vaillancourt, Joanne Volden, Charlotte Waddell, Lonnie Zwaigenbaum, Eric Duku, Ann Thompson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The primary purpose of this study was to examine the underlying factor structure of the Parenting Stress Index-Short Form (PSI-SF) in a large cohort of parents of young children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). A secondary goal was to examine relationships between PSI-SF factors and autism severity, child behavior problems, and parental mental health variables that have been shown to be related to parental stress in previous research. A confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was used to examine the three-factor structure described in the PSI-SF manual [Abidin, 1995]: parental distress, parent-child dysfunctional interaction, and difficult child. Results of the CFA indicated that the three-factor structure was unacceptable when applied to the study sample. Thus, an exploratory factor analysis was conducted and suggested a six-factor model as the best alternative for the PSI-SF index. Spearman's correlations revealed significant positive correlations with moderate to large effect sizes between the revised PSI-SF factors and autism severity, externalizing and internalizing child behaviors, and an index of parent mental health. The revised factors represent more narrowly defined aspects of the three original subscales of the PSI-SF and might prove to be advantageous in both research and clinical applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)336-346
Number of pages11
JournalAutism Research
Volume4
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2011
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Parenting
Statistical Factor Analysis
Parents
Child Behavior
Autistic Disorder
Mental Health
Research
Autism Spectrum Disorder

Keywords

  • Autism spectrum disorders
  • Factor analysis
  • Parenting stress
  • Parenting Stress Index-Short Form

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Genetics(clinical)

Cite this

Zaidman-Zait, A., Mirenda, P., Zumbo, B. D., Georgiades, S., Szatmari, P., Bryson, S., ... Thompson, A. (2011). Factor analysis of the Parenting Stress Index-Short Form with parents of young children with autism spectrum disorders. Autism Research, 4(5), 336-346. https://doi.org/10.1002/aur.213

Factor analysis of the Parenting Stress Index-Short Form with parents of young children with autism spectrum disorders. / Zaidman-Zait, Anat; Mirenda, Pat; Zumbo, Bruno D.; Georgiades, Stelios; Szatmari, Peter; Bryson, Susan; Fombonne, Eric; Roberts, Wendy; Smith, Isabel; Vaillancourt, Tracy; Volden, Joanne; Waddell, Charlotte; Zwaigenbaum, Lonnie; Duku, Eric; Thompson, Ann.

In: Autism Research, Vol. 4, No. 5, 10.2011, p. 336-346.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zaidman-Zait, A, Mirenda, P, Zumbo, BD, Georgiades, S, Szatmari, P, Bryson, S, Fombonne, E, Roberts, W, Smith, I, Vaillancourt, T, Volden, J, Waddell, C, Zwaigenbaum, L, Duku, E & Thompson, A 2011, 'Factor analysis of the Parenting Stress Index-Short Form with parents of young children with autism spectrum disorders', Autism Research, vol. 4, no. 5, pp. 336-346. https://doi.org/10.1002/aur.213
Zaidman-Zait, Anat ; Mirenda, Pat ; Zumbo, Bruno D. ; Georgiades, Stelios ; Szatmari, Peter ; Bryson, Susan ; Fombonne, Eric ; Roberts, Wendy ; Smith, Isabel ; Vaillancourt, Tracy ; Volden, Joanne ; Waddell, Charlotte ; Zwaigenbaum, Lonnie ; Duku, Eric ; Thompson, Ann. / Factor analysis of the Parenting Stress Index-Short Form with parents of young children with autism spectrum disorders. In: Autism Research. 2011 ; Vol. 4, No. 5. pp. 336-346.
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