Facilitators and Barriers to Implementing Two Quality Improvement Interventions Across 10 Pediatric Intensive Care Units: Video Laryngoscopy-Assisted Coaching and Apneic Oxygenation

National Emergency Airway Registry for Children (NEAR4KIDS) and Pediatric Acute Lung Injury and Sepsis Investigators (PALISI) Network

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

To better understand facilitators and barriers to implementation of quality improvement (QI) efforts, this study examined 2 evidence-based interventions, video laryngoscopy (VL)-assisted coaching, and apneic oxygenation (AO). One focus group with frontline clinicians was held at each of the 10 participating pediatric intensive care units. Qualitative analysis identified common and unique themes. Intervention fidelity was monitored with a priori defined success as >50% VL-assisted coaching or >80% AO use for 3 consecutive months. Eighty percent of intensive care units with VL-assisted coaching and 20% with AO met this criteria during the study period. Common facilitator themes were adequate device accessibility, having a QI culture, and strong leadership. Common barrier themes included poor device accessibility and perception of delay in care. A consistently identified theme in the successful sites was strong QI leadership, while unsuccessful sites consistently identified insufficient education. These facilitators and barriers should be proactively addressed during dissemination of these interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)255-265
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican Journal of Medical Quality
Volume37
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy

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