Facial gender confirmation surgery—review of the literature and recommendations for Version 8 of the WPATH Standards of Care

Jens Berli, Luis Capitán, Daniel Simon, Rachel Bluebond-Langner, Eric Plemons, Shane D. Morrison

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Facial gender confirmation surgery (FGCS), also popularly known and referred to in the scientific literature as facial feminization surgery (FFS), was previously treated as a collection of aesthetic procedures complementing other aspects of gender-confirming surgery. Recent literature on quality-of-life outcomes following FGCS has supported the substantial impact these procedures have on overall well-being and reduction of psychosocial sequelae in patients. The World Professional Association for Transgender Health Standards of Care, Version 7 (WPATH SOC 7), did not deem FGCS a medical necessity. Based on these new studies, increasing evidence points to the need to include FGCS among medically necessary gender-confirming surgeries, though more-prospective studies are needed. Updates to the WPATH SOC 8 are proposed based on available quality of life studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Transgenderism
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Apr 14 2017

Keywords

  • Facial feminization
  • facial gender confirmation
  • gender confirmation surgery
  • Standards of Care, Version 8

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gender Studies

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