Eye movements as an index of pathologist visual expertise: A pilot study

Tad T. Brunyé, Patricia (Patty) Carney, Kimberly H. Allison, Linda G. Shapiro, Donald L. Weaver, Joann G. Elmore

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

A pilot study examined the extent to which eye movements occurring during interpretation of digitized breast biopsy whole slide images (WSI) can distinguish novice interpreters from experts, informing assessments of competency progression during training and across the physician-learning continuum. A pathologist with fellowship training in breast pathology interpreted digital WSI of breast tissue and marked the region of highest diagnostic relevance (dROI). These same images were then evaluated using computer vision techniques to identify visually salient regions of interest (vROI) without diagnostic relevance. A non-invasive eye tracking system recorded pathologists' (N = 7) visual behavior during image interpretation, and we measured differential viewing of vROIs versus dROIs according to their level of expertise. Pathologists with relatively low expertise in interpreting breast pathology were more likely to fixate on, and subsequently return to, diagnostically irrelevant vROIs relative to experts. Repeatedly fixating on the distracting vROI showed limited value in predicting diagnostic failure. These preliminary results suggest that eye movements occurring during digital slide interpretation can characterize expertise development by demonstrating differential attraction to diagnostically relevant versus visually distracting image regions. These results carry both theoretical implications and potential for monitoring and evaluating student progress and providing automated feedback and scanning guidance in educational settings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere103447
JournalPLoS One
Volume9
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2014

    Fingerprint

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Brunyé, T. T., Carney, P. P., Allison, K. H., Shapiro, L. G., Weaver, D. L., & Elmore, J. G. (2014). Eye movements as an index of pathologist visual expertise: A pilot study. PLoS One, 9(8), [e103447]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0103447