Extracurricular Activities are Associated with Lower Suicidality through Decreased Thwarted Belongingness in Young Adults

Brian W. Bauer, Daniel W. Capron, Erin Ward-Ciesielski, Hanna C. Gustafsson, Carol Doyle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Research has shown a negative association between extracurricular activities (ECAs) and suicidality. This study builds upon past research by using the interpersonal psychological theory of suicide to better understand the mechanisms involved in the relationship between ECAs and suicide risk. A total of 121 community and online-recruited adults ages 18 to 24-years-old participated. Self-report measures of suicidality, thwarted belongingness, and perceived burdensomeness were collected. Duration and breadth of participation in ECAs were assessed. ECA involvement was negatively associated with thwarted belongingness and perceived burdensomeness. An indirect effect of ECAs on suicidality through thwarted belongingness was statistically significant, but not for perceived burdensomeness. ECA involvement was associated with decreased suicidality through lower levels of thwarted belongingness. Interventions utilizing ECAs may be a low-cost, high-access option for decreasing suicide risk.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)665-678
Number of pages14
JournalArchives of Suicide Research
Volume22
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2 2018

Keywords

  • interpersonal psychological theory of suicide
  • perceived burdensomeness
  • school-based interventions
  • thwarted belongingness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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