Extracorporeal Filtration of Potassium in a Swine Model of Bilateral Hindlimb Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury With Severe Acute Hyperkalemia

Michael S. Clemens, Mamie C. Stull, Jason M. Rall, Ian J. Stewart, Jonathan A. Sosnov, Kevin K. Chung, James Ross

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Abstract

Introduction: Options for the treatment of hyperkalemia in the pre-hospital setting are limited, particularly in the context of natural disaster or during combat operations. Contemporary interventions require extensive resources and technical expertise. Here we examined the potential for a simple, field deployable bridge-dialysis as a countermeasure for acute hyperkalemia induced by prolonged ischemia-reperfusion. Methods: Twenty female swine were randomized into two experimental groups undergoing a 2-hour bilateral hindlimb ischemia-reperfusion injury. Subsequent to injury, hemoperfusion was performed in the presence (Column) and absence (Sham Control) of a high-affinity potassium-binding column (CytoSorbents, Monmouth Junction, NJ, USA). Serial blood gas and chemistries were sampled. Primary endpoint was changed in serum potassium concentrations post-injury and filtration. Results: Serum potassium was significantly elevated following ischemia-reperfusion injury in both groups (149% (12) and 150% (22), p < 0.05 vs respective baseline values). There were no differences observed between groups in respect to physiologic parameters; mean arterial pressure, heart rate, systemic vascular resistance, cardiac output, or central venous oxygenation. Filtration resulted in a significant relative decrease in potassium compared with controls after the first hour as determined by repeated measures two-way ANOVA (p < 0.0001) which continued through end of the study. Significant thrombocytopenia was observed in animals undergoing filtration with a mean reduction in platelets measured at T = 480 minutes (168 × 103μL, p < 0.0001 vs baseline). Conclusions: We demonstrate that serum potassium can be filtered via hemoperfusion utilizing a simple extracorporeal potassium-binding platform, though evolution of this technology will be required to achieve meaningful reduction of potassium in clinically significant hyperkalemia after trauma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e335-e340
JournalMilitary Medicine
Volume183
Issue number11-12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2018

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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