Extracellular vesicles impose quiescence on residual hematopoietic stem cells in the leukemic niche

Sherif Abdelhamed, John T. Butler, Ben Doron, Amber Halse, Eneida Nemecek, Phillip Wilmarth, Daniel Marks, Bill Chang, Terzah Horton, Peter Kurre

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Progressive remodeling of the bone marrow microenvironment is recognized as an integral aspect of leukemogenesis. Expanding acute myeloid leukemia (AML) clones not only alter stroma composition, but also actively constrain hematopoiesis, representing a significant source of patient morbidity and mortality. Recent studies revealed the surprising resistance of long-term hematopoietic stem cells (LT-HSC) to elimination from the leukemic niche. Here, we examine the fate and function of residual LT-HSC in the BM of murine xenografts with emphasis on the role of AML-derived extracellular vesicles (EV). AML-EV rapidly enter HSC, and their trafficking elicits protein synthesis suppression and LT-HSC quiescence. Mechanistically, AML-EV transfer a panel of miRNA, including miR-1246, that target the mTOR subunit Raptor, causing ribosomal protein S6 hypo-phosphorylation, which in turn impairs protein synthesis in LT-HSC. While HSC functionally recover from quiescence upon transplantation to an AML-naive environment, they maintain relative gains in repopulation capacity. These phenotypic changes are accompanied by DNA double-strand breaks and evidence of a sustained DNA-damage response. In sum, AML-EV contribute to niche-dependent, reversible quiescence and elicit persisting DNA damage in LT-HSC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere47546
JournalEMBO Reports
Volume20
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2019

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Hematopoietic Stem Cells
Stem cells
Acute Myeloid Leukemia
DNA
DNA Damage
Ribosomal Protein S6
Phosphorylation
Raptors
MicroRNAs
Double-Stranded DNA Breaks
Heterografts
Hematopoiesis
Protein Transport
Bone
Proteins
Extracellular Vesicles
Clone Cells
Transplantation
Bone Marrow
Morbidity

Keywords

  • AML
  • DNA damage
  • extracellular vesicles
  • hematopoiesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

Cite this

Extracellular vesicles impose quiescence on residual hematopoietic stem cells in the leukemic niche. / Abdelhamed, Sherif; Butler, John T.; Doron, Ben; Halse, Amber; Nemecek, Eneida; Wilmarth, Phillip; Marks, Daniel; Chang, Bill; Horton, Terzah; Kurre, Peter.

In: EMBO Reports, Vol. 20, No. 7, e47546, 01.07.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Nemecek, Eneida

AU - Wilmarth, Phillip

AU - Marks, Daniel

AU - Chang, Bill

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