Expression cloning of lfc, a novel oncogene with structural similarities to guanine nucleotide exchange factors and to the regulatory region of protein kinase C

Ian Whitehead, Heather Kirk, Cristina Tognon, Genny Trigo-Gonzalez, Robert Kay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

142 Scopus citations

Abstract

In order to identify cDNAs that can induce oncogenic transformation, a retroviral vector was used to transfer a library of cDNAs from the murine 32D hemopoietic cell line into NIH 3T3 fibroblasts. We have identified and recovered a provirus containing a 1.8-kilobase pair cDNA whose expression causes morphological transformation in NIH 3T3 cells. The transforming cDNA contains a complete open reading frame that encodes a protein (designated Lfc) with a region of sequence similarity to the product of the lbc oncogene. This region includes a domain that is characteristic of the CDC24 family of guanine nucleotide exchange factors in tandem with a pleckstrin homology (PH) domain. The Lfc protein is distinguished from Lbc by a 150-amino acid NH2- terminal extension that contains a cysteine- and histidine-rich domain similar to the diacylglycerol-binding site (zinc butterfly) found in protein kinase C. NH2-and COOH-terminal deletion analysis revealed that both the PH and putative guanine nucleotide exchange factor domains are required, but the zinc butterfly is dispensable, for transformation. Although the removal of the PH domain of the Lfc protein completely eliminated its ability to transform NIH 3T3 cells, replacement of this domain with an isoprenylation site restored all of its transforming activity. This suggests that a PH domain-dependent recruitment of the Lfc protein to the cellular membrane is a necessary step for cellular transformation. The lfc gene is expressed in a broad range of tissues as well as in a variety of hemopoietic and non- hemopoietic cell lines. Lfc appears to be a new member of a growing family of proteins that are likely to act as activators of Ras-like proteins in a developmental or cell-lineage specific manner.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)18388-18395
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume270
Issue number31
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 4 1995
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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