Exploring biopsychosocial correlates of pain, pain management strategies, and risk for opioid misuse among home care workers in Washington State

Leah S. Greenspan, Lindsey Alley, Sean P.M. Rice, Ryan Olson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Home care workers (HCWs) are at high risk for musculoskeletal pain and injury, and they are an important population for pain management research and intervention. The purpose of this study was to gather novel data on HCWs’ work characteristics, pain experiences, pain management strategies, and risk for opioid misuse. A survey invitation was e-mailed to a random sub-sample of HCWs in Washington State, and 421 responded. Over half (54.2%) reported chronic or currently elevated pain. Pharmacological pain management strategies were used by 67.3% of all respondents with 4.8% reporting prescription opioid use. Biopsychosocial factors like injuries, interpersonal conflict, financial strain, and anxiety were associated with increased opioid misuse risk. Multimodal primary and secondary interventions are recommended to improve HCWs’ pain management.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalHome Health Care Services Quarterly
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • ergonomics
  • Home care
  • opioids
  • pain management
  • Total Worker Health®
  • workplace wellness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy
  • Community and Home Care
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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