In the last decade, we have witnessed an extraordinary development of new cardiac imaging techniques. Some are already in routine use while other promising techniques, such as 3D and intracardiac echocardiography, are still taking their first steps in clinical applications and have not yet revealed all their potential. Heart failure surgery is also evolving rapidly toward less-invasive procedures with the introduction of video-assisted robotic valve repair/replacement surgery, percutaneous delivery of epicardial restraint devices, mitral edge-to-edge clips, coronary sinus mitral annuloplasty rings, and stem cell therapy. These rapid developments are challenging for the imager and the surgeon and mandate a close collaboration between the two disciplines to minimize surgical risk and improve the outcome of patients who have heart failure.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine