Exons of the human pancreatic polypeptide gene define functional domains of the precursor

A. B. Leiter, M. R. Montminy, E. Jamieson, R. H. Goodman

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Abstract

Pancreatic polypeptide is a 36-amino acid peptide which inhibts pancreatic exocrine function. We have previously determined from the nucleotide sequence of a cDNA that pancreatic polypeptide is derived from a 95-amino acid precursor, prepropancreatic polypeptide. Pulse-chase studies have suggested that the precursor is cleaved to produce three peptides: pancreatic polypeptide, an icosapeptide, and a smaller peptide. In the present study, we have used the cloned cDNA as a hybridization probe to isolate the pancreatic polypeptide gene from a human bacteriophage genomic library. The nucleotide sequence of 2.8 kilobases of DNA representing the entire human pancreatic polypeptide gene was determined. The gene contains four exons and three introns. Exon 1 encodes the 5'-untranslated region of the mRNA, exon 2 encodes the signal sequence and the sequence of pancreatic polypeptide, exon 3 encodes the icosapeptide, and exon 4 encodes a carboxyl-terminal heptapeptide and the 3'-untranslated region of the mRNA. By Southern blot analysis, the gene detected in a pancreatic polypeptide-producing islet cell tumor was indistinguishable fom that in normal human leukocytes. The structure of the human pancreatic polypeptide gene is consistent with the hypothesis that prepropancreatic polypeptide generates three distinct peptides, each encoded by a separate exon. Increased expression of pancreatic polypeptide in the islet cell tumor does not appear to be correlated with major alterations in pancreatic polypeptide gene structure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13013-13017
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume260
Issue number24
StatePublished - Dec 1 1985

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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