Exercise Recommendations in Pediatric HCM: Variation and Influence of Provider Characteristics

Robert D. Whitehill, Seshadri Balaji, Michael Kelleman, Stephanie F. Chandler, Dominic J. Abrams, Chad Mao, Peter Fischbach, Robert Campbell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Pediatric Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM) is associated with sudden cardiac death (SCD) that can be related to physical activity. Without pediatric specific guidelines, recommendations for activity restriction may be varied. Therefore, our aim is to determine the current practice and variability surrounding exercise clearance recommendations (ER) in pediatric HCM referral centers as well as provider and patient characteristics that influence them. We designed a survey that was distributed to the Pediatric Heart Transplant Study (PHTS) providers and members of the Pediatric and Adult Congenital Electrophysiology Society (PACES) querying provider demographics and patient variables from 2 patient vignettes. The study is a multicenter survey of current practice of specialized providers caring for pediatric HCM patients. Survey of PHTS and PACES providers via email to the respective listservs with a response rate of 28% and 91 overall completing the entire survey after self-identifying as providers for pediatric HCM patients at their center. ER varies for pediatric HCM and is associated with provider training background as well as personal and professional history. Of the 91 providers who completed the survey, 42% (N = 38) trained in pediatric electrophysiology (EP), and 40% (N = 36) in pediatric heart failure (HF). Responses varied and only 53% of providers cleared for mild to moderate activity for the patient in Vignette 1, which is more in line with recent published adult guidelines. ER in both vignettes was significantly associated with type of training background. EP providers were more likely to recommend no restriction (27.8% vs 5.9%) than HF providers even when controlling for provider age and time out of training. Syncope with exercise was deemed “Most Important” by 81% of providers when making ER. ER for pediatric HCM are variable and the majority of providers make ER outside of previously published adult guidelines. Furthermore, ER are influenced by provider background and experience. Further study is needed for risks and benefits of physical activity in this population to inform the development of pediatric specific guidelines.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalPediatric Cardiology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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