Executive Function in Infants and Toddlers Born Low Birth Weight and Preterm

Patricia M. Blasco, Serra Acar, Sybille Guy, Sage Saxton, Susanne Duvall, George Morgan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Infants born low birth weight (LBW) and preterm were evaluated in a high-risk follow-up clinic and compared with infants born full term. A multivariate linear model was used to examine the overall differences on Bayley Scales of Infant Toddler Development (BSID-III) among three groups: full term, heavy LBW ('2,500 g ≥2,000 g), light LBW ('2,000 g). Results indicated no significant differences in BSID-III scores between the groups. The BSID-III was used to extrapolate indicators of executive function (EF) components. Dimensions of Mastery Motivation (DMQ 18) was correlated with the EF components. Findings showed that both LBW groups scored significantly lower than the full-term group on the EF components which include attention, plan/organize, working memory, and inhibit. Implications for research is discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)321-337
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Early Intervention
Volume42
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2020

Keywords

  • assessment
  • executive function
  • low birth weight
  • preterm

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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