Exclusion and control: Patterns aimed at limiting the influence of faculty of color

Dena Hassouneh, Jen Akeroyd, Kristin F. Lutz, Ann Beckett

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    26 Scopus citations


    This article reports on findings from a grounded theory study of the experiences of faculty of color (FOC) in predominantly Euro-American schools of nursing. Findings indicate that a dominant group sometimes referred to as the "Good Old Girls" posed a major barrier to change. To maintain the status-quo, the Good Old Girls used their influence to subject FOC to Patterns of Exclusion and Control with the goal of controlling the influence of FOC. This occurred through parallel and interrelated exclusion and control subprocesses. Exclusion and control strategies threatened FOC's success in academe while simultaneously jeopardizing their well-being. The exclusion strategies FOC experienced included Invalidation of Sense of Self, Othering, and Unequal Standards and Access to Resources. The control strategies included Insincerity and Putting You in Your Place. We describe each of these processes in detail and end with a discussion of the implications of our findings for educational practice.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)314-325
    Number of pages12
    JournalJournal of Nursing Education
    Issue number6
    StatePublished - Jun 2012

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Nursing(all)
    • Education


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