We determined whether the dorsomedial hypothalamus (DMH) plays a role in the thermogenic, metabolic, and cardiovascular effects evoked by centrally administered PGE2. Microinjection of PGE2 (170 pmol/60 nl) into the medial preoptic area of the hypothalamus in urethane-chloralose-anesthetized, artificially ventilated rats increased brown adipose tissue (BAT) sympathetic nerve activity (SNA; + 207 ± 18% of control), BAT temperature (1.5 ± 0.2°C), expired CO2 (0.9 ± 0.1%), heart rate (HR; 106 ± 12 beats/min), and mean arterial pressure (22 ± 4 mmHg). Within 5 min of subsequent bilateral microinjections of the GABAA receptor agonist muscimol (120 pmol·60 nl-1·side-1) or the ionotropic excitatory amino acid antagonist kynurenate (6 nmol·60 nl -1·side-1) into the DMH, the PGE 2-evoked increases were, respectively, attenuated by 91 ± 3% and 108 ± 7% for BAT SNA, by 73 ± 12% and 102 ± 28% for BAT temperature, by 100 ± 4% and 125 ± 21% for expired CO 2, by 72 ± 11% and 70 ± 16% for HR, and by 84 ± 19% and 113 ± 16% for mean arterial pressure. Microinjections outside the DMH within the dorsal hypothalamic area adjacent to the mamillothalamic tracts or within the ventromedial hypothalamus were less effective for attenuating the PGE2-evoked thermogenic, metabolic, and cardiovascular responses. These results demonstrate that activation of excitatory amino acid receptors within the DMH is necessary for the thermogenic, metabolic, and cardiovascular responses evoked by microinjection of PGE 2 into the medial preoptic area.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology|
|Issue number||2 55-2|
|State||Published - Feb 1 2004|
- Medial preoptic area
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physiology (medical)