Examining Relationships Between Executive Functioning and Delay Aversion in Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Sarah Karalunas, Cynthia L. Huang-Pollock

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although motivation and cognition are often examined separately, recent theory suggests that a delay-averse motivational style may negatively impact development of executive functions (EFs), such as working memory (WM) and response inhibition (RI) for children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD; Sonuga-Barke, 2002). This model predicts that performance on delay aversion and EF tasks should be correlated for school-age children with ADHD. However, tests of these relationships remain sparse. Forty-five children ages 8 to 12 with ADHD and 46 non-ADHD controls completed tasks measuring EFs and delay aversion. Children with ADHD had poorer WM and RI than non-ADHD controls, as well as nonsignificantly worse delay aversion. Consistent with previous research, RI was not related to delay aversion. However, delay aversion did predict WM scores for children with and without ADHD. Implications for the dual-pathway hypothesis and future research on cognitive and motivational processing in ADHD are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)837-847
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Volume40
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2011
Externally publishedYes

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Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
Executive Function
Short-Term Memory
Cognition
Motivation
Research
Inhibition (Psychology)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

Examining Relationships Between Executive Functioning and Delay Aversion in Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. / Karalunas, Sarah; Huang-Pollock, Cynthia L.

In: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, Vol. 40, No. 6, 11.2011, p. 837-847.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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